According to studies, 45% of the people snore occasionally and 25% do it regularly. It is a more common problem in men and in people who are overweight and also it worsens with age. But, why is it happening?
Why do people snore?
Snoring occurs when there is an obstruction to the airflow at the back of the mouth and nose, which match the tongue, palate, and uvula. When one comes up against the other, breathing vibration occurs which generates the typical noise.
The snorer has at least one of the following problems:
Muscle looseness in the throat or tongue:
When this occurs, the tongue falls back and, along with the throat, closes the passage of the airways. It’s easy to relax the muscle after having consumed alcohol, drugs or medications. Therefore, some people do not often snore and they do when they have drunk. But the relaxation may also occur in deeper stages of sleep without having eaten anything.
Overdevelopment of the tissues of the throat:
Large tonsils are the main cause of snoring in children. Similarly, overweight people suffer an increase in the development of these tissues and, therefore, tend to snore.
Oversize palate or uvula
The large palate hinders the passage between the nose and the mouth, hanging between both airways and causing snoring sound.
Obstruction of the nasal cavities
This makes it necessary to make an effort to inhale air through the nose which generates a vacuum in the throat, leading to a drop in the soft tissues and causing the snoring. Therefore, some people snore only when they have colds or allergy attacks.
Finally, a deviated nasal septum hinders the passage of air and can cause you to snore.
What are the health risks involved with snoring?
Snoring is more than an annoying noise; it may be the alarm signal for sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a disease that is common in loud snoring sufferers.
Breathing pauses occur during sleep, which may be followed by small lapses of awakening, called arousals.
As a result, daytime sleepiness occurs due to a lack of restful sleep, which in some cases leads to chronic fatigue. Lack of sleep also results in the temptation to doze anywhere in any situation, and there are problems with concentration and memory loss, irritability, headache, decline in work performance, besides the risk of all types of accidents.
But the problems do not end here. Recent studies associate sleep apnea with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease in patients and impaired cognitive symptoms in children.
Sleep apnea, also called Sleep Apnea Hypopnea Syndrome (SAHS), should be considered a “public health problem”.
However, we must clarify that snoring is not always synonymous with disease. In general, the SAHS appears progressively. Sudden awakenings and suffocating with choking feeling included, in addition to problems associated with lack of sleep, are more than enough to go to the doctor.
In any case, for this health problem to be considered pathological, a person must undergo 5 to 10 interruptions in breathing per hour during sleep, but can reach, in extreme cases, up to 90 during the same period. Each should last at least 10 seconds, during which time no air enters or leaves the lungs. In this period, the brain does not receive enough oxygen.
There are also children who snore. Most of them are suffering from the syndrome called Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). In many cases, it is due to the presence of too large tonsils, which can be cured today by laser surgery without removing them, as it happened years ago. However, we must pay attention to this syndrome because it can trigger health problems with a direct impact on the physical and mental development of children.
Other effects of apnea in children are disorders in the shape of the face, bedwetting, daytime tiredness and low weight development and height.
In the case of adults, the deficient of supply to the brain can be fatal in patients with hypertension and that in the long-term may increase the risk of ischemic stroke (stroke). The risk is normalized when patients receive proper treatment.
How to prevent snoring?
You will find various anti snoring devices and methods to help you stop snoring. Some of these ways involve adapting to a diet regime and make some changes to your current lifestyle factors like avoiding consuming too much alcohol and eating a heavy meal before your bedtime.
When selecting anti snoring devices, there are a few things to consider. Always read the labels before using sleep anti-snoring mouthpieces and devices and speak with the dentist or maybe a specialist whenever you think the anti-snoring product is truly perfect for you. Keep in mind that in a few instances it might be designed being an anti-snoring device; however, it might offer you discomfort in return. The different types of stop snoring products that are available in the market are as follows:
These foam pillows are designed in a way to fix the sleeping positions on the bed and on any other surface area that would help to decrease snoring.
(Constant Position Air passage pressure) – It is a mask that you may put on either on the nose or on the mouth which exerts air pressure into the nostrils.
One drawback is that this device is extremely bulky and can be truly miserable for people wearing the mask whenever they sleep. This is considered to be a lifetime treatment and it has confirmed great effectiveness in quitting snoring in addition to sleep apnea.
It is one of the most effective remedies. It does not interfere with the patient’s consuming or speech and it can be accomplished at the physician’s clinic using local anesthetic. It does not require removal of any tissue.
Breathing pieces and sinus sprays
They decongest your air passageways helping you prevent noisy snoring.
Stop snoring mouthpiece
It is one of the most effective anti snore devices used to cope with loud snoring issues. It is also known as Mandibular Advancement Device.
Stop snoring mouthpieces can be found in different types. A person will most likely snore while sleeping when the lower jaw is pressed downwards which has a tendency to cause the airway to get blocked.
An anti snoring mouthpiece functions by maintaining the correct position of the mouth to expand the breathing airway, thereby, eliminate snoring. Maintaining the lower jaw in the forward direction can prevent the soft tissues of the respiratory tract from collapsing which block air flow.